Is there any risk of infertility with undescended testicles?

risk of infertility

Risk of infertility with undescended testicles in males

Cryptorchidism, or undescended testicles, is when one or both testicles don’t move into the scrotum before a baby boy is born. It fixes itself a few months after birth. If it doesn’t treat, it can lead to serious health problems, especially the risk of infertility. Cryptorchidism can also cause damage to the testicles, which might lower the sperm count and increase the risk of infertility. 

It happens because the testicles are exposed to higher temperatures inside the body, which can harm sperm production and quality. Surgical treatment of undescended testes can help prevent these problems. Notably, the sooner this condition is treated, the better the chances are for preserving a man’s fertility.

The link between undescended testicles and infertility  

The undescended testicles can increase a man’s risk of becoming infertile if not treated. It happens because the testicles are too warm inside the body. It isn’t suitable for making healthy sperm. Testicles are in the more relaxed scrotum, which helps produce good-quality sperm. If the condition isn’t treated, the testicles could get damaged. The damage could reduce the amount of sperm a man makes, which can cause infertility. 

An early operation can significantly lower this risk of infertility. So, it’s vital to understand this link between undescended testicles and infertility because it can guide treatment decisions and plans for having a family in the future.

Long-term health effects of untreated undescended testicles lead to the risk of infertility

Untreated undescended testicles, or cryptorchidism, can lead to several long-term health problems. One of the main risks is infertility, as the warmer body temperature can harm sperm production and ultimately reduce sperm count. Another risk is testicular cancer. 

Men with a history of undescended testicles have a higher chance of getting this cancer. Also, undescended testicles can cause a condition called inguinal hernia. It is when a part of the intestine or fat pushes through a weak spot in the belly, causing a painful lump. Lastly, it can lead to testicular torsion, a painful condition where the testicles twist and cut off blood flow. An operation early in life can help prevent these problems.

Getting treatment is very important for boys with undescended testicles.  Because left untreated can lead to problems like low sperm count and testicular damage. That’s why doctors suggest a simple surgery to move the testicle into the right place.  However, this surgery is usually preferable when a boy is between 6 and 12 months old. 

Surgical interventions for reducing the risk of infertility

Surgery is a common way to treat undescended testicles. It is called orchiopexy. Skilled pediatric surgeons perform it. The surgery helps bring the testicles down into the scrotum. It creates a better environment for sperm production. So, it is done through a small cut in the groin area. The pediatric surgeon carefully moves the testicle into the scrotum and secures it there. It is typically done under general anaesthesia, meaning the boy will be asleep without pain. 

After surgery, there might be some swelling or discomfort, but this usually goes away after a few days. The boy will need to avoid rough play for a while but can generally return to normal activities after a few weeks. Early surgical treatment is vital as it can help prevent future health problems like fertility issues or testicular cancer.

Post-surgery fertility outcomes

After surgery for undescended testicles, most boys will grow up to have normal fertility. It means they should be able to have children when they are adults. However, it is more common if both testicles are in a high position in the body. It’s also possible that there was any damage to the testicles. Doctors usually monitor boys as they grow up to ensure everything works as it should. Overall, early surgery improves the chances of having normal fertility.

Psychological and emotional aspects of living with undescended testicle

Living with an undescended testicle can be tough emotionally. You might feel self-conscious or different from others. It’s important to remember that this condition doesn’t define your worth. Talk to people you trust, like family or friends, who can offer support. Learn about the disease and its treatments to ease any worries. Building a positive self-image and nurturing healthy relationships through open communication can help you feel better.  Many people with undescended testicles have happy lives and successful relationships after surgery. 

Conclusion – Untreated Undescended Testicles Increase The Risk Of Infertility

If you don’t treat undescended testicles, it can increase the risk of infertility. The heat inside the body can harm sperm production and quality. In contrast, it can also cause damage to the testicles and reduce the number of sperm. But don’t worry; early treatment like surgery can significantly lower this risk. By moving the testicles into the scrotum, the chance of being able to have children improves a lot. Parents need to know the possible long-term problems and get medical help quickly. Treating undescended testicles helps to prevent infertility and keeps the possibility of having children in the future safe.

The cost of undescended testes surgery in Pakistan varies. It depends on the hospital, doctor, and specific circumstances. It’s best to consult with a pediatric surgeon or urologist in Pakistan to get an accurate idea of the cost of your situation. They can provide the necessary information regarding expenses, such as consultations, surgery fees, and hospital charges. Moreover, insurance coverage can also affect the amount you need to pay. Remember, the most important thing is to prioritize your health and consult with healthcare professionals to get the best care for your undescended testicles, regardless of the cost.