Frequently Asked Questions
How do I know if my child has undescended testis?
Unfortunately, there are no specific diagnostic tests for undescended testes, such as ultrasound. However, one or both testicles may be missing for a baby with an undescended testis. So, if both are undescended, the scrotum will appear unusually small or flat. However, if one of the two testes is missing, the scrotum seems lopsided. Hence, a simple diagnostic exam by an expert pediatrician can confirm if your child suffers from the condition. On the other hand, the only way is surgery to ensure that the child is suffering from the undescended testis.
How to prepare for the surgery?
The surgery proceeds under general anesthesia; therefore, there are some important rules to follow regarding the patient’s food intake, such as the following.
- If the child is older than 12 months, you must not give any solid food or non-clear liquids after midnight of the night before the surgery. For example, avoid giving such milk, formula, pulp juice, candies, etc.
- For infants under 12 months, formula-fed babies can be fed up to 6 hours before the scheduled surgery, and breastfed babies can be nursed up to 4 hours before the surgery.
- You can give only clear liquids such as water and juices up to 2 hours before the surgery. Please ensure that you only provide the fluids you can see through. For example, apple juice or white grape juice.
- During the 2 hours before the surgery, you must not give your child anything to eat or drink.
Will my baby be fertile and able to have children of his own?
Men with one undescended testicle can have children. However, fertility is just half of the normal. However, corrective surgery at a young age can restore their fertility to the same as if they never had the issue of undescended testicles. Furthermore, according to the research, if the surgery is performed at less than 2 years old, there is an ample chance of recovery for testicular growth. Hence, an early orchiopexy improves the subsequent testicular catch-up growth, and your baby will be fertile and healthy enough to have his children.
Are there any risksof the orchiopexy surgery?
It is a quick surgery of nearly 45 minutes. However, the possible complications or risks are just as much as in surgery. For example, swelling, bleeding and bruising at the site of the incision. Moreover, the wound may also get infected. The testis may move back up into the groin.